Hydrocephalus is a common problem in the childhood, due to obstruction to the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (‘clear fluid within the brain cavities’). Child presents with an enlarging head, headache, vomiting, drop in school performance. MRI is required to diagnose hydrocephalus, and to ensure that there is no brain tumor causing obstruction. Treatment is insertion of ventriculoperitoneal shunt from brain to the abdomen. In older children, endoscopic third ventriculostomy too can be considered.

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